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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone that took the problem of looking at either of those invoices' consecutive numbers would observe that they had been the exact same number, and consequently one of them needed to be fictitious.
That isn't a great analogy--we will explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be an issue of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I stated that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will receive paid out.
1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (though this is not at all common) or several thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions consume.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of effort, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to some numeric issue. This practice is also known as a proof of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have discovered that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that is not true at all. What they're doing is trying to be the first miner to think of a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equal to the target hash.
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The bad news: Since it's guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there first. To mine successfully, you need to have a high"hash rate," that is quantified in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you could mine along with your mining rig's hash rate, the website Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 to the tens of thousands. Some miners--particularly Ethereum miners--purchase individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost method to cobble together mining operations. The photograph below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine. The cards are such rectangular blocks with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards into the metal pole.
Case in point I tell three friends that I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece i loved this of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't need to guess the specific number, they just have to be the first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to this number I'm thinking of.
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Let us say I am thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they shed because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at workable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There is no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the goal answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but in the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51 percent --which miner to honour. Typically, it's the miner who has done the work, i.e.
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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand up to now. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."
As you know, we use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that each and every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.